Hedge fund outsourcing is not a new trend, as buy-side firms have long dispersed the responsibility of many functions to third-party service providers more adept and accomplished at said functions. Technology, for example, is an area where many firms choose to leverage outsourced providers to manage complete or partial infrastructures, support projects or supplement on-site IT staffs. The benefits to outsourcing are numerous, but the true measure of a successful service provider relationship comes when an investment firm’s level of risk in using that provider is low.
Risks are everywhere, particularly in today’s cyber-focused environment. But the risk a hedge fund undertakes when outsourcing a function of its business to a third-party is enormous. Not only is the firm relinquishing control to an outside company, it also takes on the added burden of managing that company, in addition to its own.
It’s one thing to put faith in your service providers to do their jobs effectively. It’s another to ignore your own firm’s responsibility to manage that third party as a means of protecting your own firm. Successfully managing risk associated with third-party service provider relationships is a full-time job, especially for financial services firms working with dozens of various parties. Here are a few tips to help your firm properly manage third-party service provider risk:
They say the more things change, the more they stay the same. Turns out it’s a pretty accurate assessment of the hedge fund industry then and now.
You see, back in 2011 we hosted a “State of the Hedge Fund Industry” event that yielded some interesting trends and perspectives, and we thought it might be fun to not only look back at those trends, but compare them to what we’re seeing in today’s industry – more than five years later.
Like I said: the more things change, the more they stay the same.
Hedge Fund Market Trends & Challenges
THEN (2011): It’s been an interesting year thus far for hedge funds and other alternative investment firms, as inflows have been high but performance low. In addition to performance challenges, hedge funds continue to deal with increased competition for investments, and thus asset-raising remains a hurdle for many funds – regardless of their size or strategy.
When evaluating a cloud services provider there are a lot of factors to take into consideration: features & functionalities, security protections, provider experience, and industry certifications just to name a few. We've identified some of the most important questions today's investment management firms should be asking cloud services providers during the selection process.
Five or seven years ago, these questions would probably be fairly basic in nature. Does the infrastructure isolate individual client environments? (Yes). Can the cloud environment scale to meet a firm's growing resource needs? (Yes). In 2017, we can safely assume you understand the basics of the cloud, so the questions we've identified move beyond the basic and focus on critical infrastructure, security and support questions your cloud provider should be able to address.
Top Ten Questions to Consider:
I'm most concerned about the security of my data. What types of security layers do you employ across the cloud platform and your broader organization to guarantee the safety of my firm's information?
Does your cloud leverage proactive security technologies such as intrusion detection and prevention, next-generation firewalls and regular vulnerability assessments and/or penetration tests?
We educate our clients all the time about how to keep their organizations secure and mitigate against insider and outsider threats. But one area of security often overlooked is that of the home office – and the home itself on a larger scale. With new technologies constantly being released – and many of today’s devices linked via the Internet of Things (IoT) – the likelihood of being hacked or having private information stolen also increases.
Emerging ‘smart’ technologies such as Amazon’s Echo and Google Home are making their way into many homes, making it simple to find for users to stay up-to-date on the latest news, ask for directions, or hear tomorrow’s weather forecast. The Echo’s voice assistant, Alexa, for example, can complete advanced tasks such as turning on lights and changing the temperature of your home.
But what if these technologies are jeopardizing the inherent privacy of your own home? Let’s take a look into the future.
Technology innovation and evolution has had a profound effect on many jobs, perhaps most notably for a firm’s Chief Technology Officer. Once tasked with desktop support and server maintenance, these IT executives have seen their job descriptions change dramatically over the years. But that change doesn’t necessarily signal something negative.
Our Private Equity CTO Survey asked these technology experts directly how they spend their time and what they view as the new and evolving role of the private equity CTO. Their answers highlight a transformative shift from technology troubleshooter to strategic thinker.
With the advent of outsourcing and the cloud, many feared or expected the CTO role to diminish. So perhaps the most notable finding of our survey is that 93 percent of respondents believe their firm’s CTO or top IT executive is becoming more important to their business. The vast majority of private equity IT execs are becoming more focused on managing relationships with contractors, cloud and other IT service providers. This increased focus is in alignment with the trend of today’s progressive CTOs drawing on cloud technology to create agile firms that can quickly deliver the applications users require – and working hand-in-hand with outsourced providers to support the organization’s technology and operations objectives.
Most firms (85 percent) also see the CTO becoming more involved in driving the firm to meet regulatory and compliance demands. This is especially true as regulators outline data protection and cybersecurity expectations that can only be fully addressed through the use of technology. Additionally, regulators’ expectations around third-party due diligence has increased, placing more responsibility on CTOs to execute thorough risk assessments on the contractors, cloud, software and IT service providers used by the firm.
It’s time to take another close look at the results of our 2016 Private Equity CTO Survey, this time with a careful eye on how private equity firms are leveraging outsourcing and cloud services.
Private equity outsourcing is growing in popularity – and we discussed many of the reasons why at length in a September webinar which you can listen to here. Our survey findings tell us that the average private equity firm is outsourcing about 30 percent of IT, with of course, some firms outsourcing less frequently and some outsourcing more.
On the whole, most firms are leveraging outsourced third party providers for between 20 and 40 percent of their IT functions. Firms managing less than $100M in assets are the most likely to outsource greater portions of their IT services, likely given their lack of internal staff and resources.
Overall, firms’ propensity to manage technology via in-house resources, outsourced providers or contract work is expected to stay consistent in 2017, as evidenced by the graph below.
As you probably recall, our 2016 Private Equity CTO Survey – which we released at the end of November – highlights key IT priorities and investment areas driving private equity firms in 2017. And while we shared some high-level findings at the outset, we’d like to take the opportunity to dig a little deeper into some of the survey results over the next two weeks. Since the survey itself covered four primary areas, our next four Hedge IT articles will examine each of these areas independently and highlight some of the most interesting and thought-provoking findings.
To kick us off, let’s start by taking a look at some critical business priorities for private equity firms in 2017.
Drivers for Private Equity IT Investments
We all know and appreciate how technology can impact our day-to-day operations. For private equity firms, advances in technology have enabled their businesses to become more efficient and drive growth across the entire organization.
When asked to identify the top drivers impacting IT spend in the next 12 months, survey respondents highlighted the need for increased protection against growing cybersecurity threats, a desire to improve the investor/client experience, and the goal of improving efficiencies by refreshing outdated or legacy technology.
2017 is quickly approaching and so are a plethora of new financial technology and operations articles here on Hedge IT. As we wrap up 2016, let’s take a look back and share some of our readers’ favorite articles from this past year.
Tips for launching a hedge fund are always popular on Hedge IT, and 2016 was no different. Earlier this year, Eze hosted a webinar featuring speakers Paul Schultz from Wells Fargo, Michael Mavrides from Proskauer Rose LLP, and Bob Guilbert from Eze Castle Integration. A few key takeaways from the 1-hour event include:
Understand that investors will expect enterprise-grade technology built in from Day 1.
Remember the advantages of the cloud: a predictable cost, flexibility and scalability (“tech on demand”), enterprise security, and professional management and monitoring.
Compare both the benefits and disadvantages of a “master fund” versus a “side-by-side” structure (e.g. the master fund allows for one set of books and trades, while the side-by-side structure allows for more tax flexibility)
Show investors that you have a 3+ year budget for working capital without any performance fees.
This year an estimated 2.8 million college graduates entered the workforce, most of whom are millennials. Millennials have now become the largest share of the US workforce, and as a result, are placing greater demands on firms that now need to adapt in order to attract new talent. What does this mean for IT? A greater focus on cloud adoption.
Millennials, by virtue of the fact they were born in the last thirty years or so, have spent their adult lives thus far exposed to and surrounded by technology. Being some of the first to adopt some of the newest technologies including social media, smartphones and mobile apps millennials have a lifelong reliance on technology and are used to having information at the tips of their fingers. They have grown up during the advent of the cloud and are not interested in relying on more traditional technology systems and infrastructures that are often more high cost and likely to become outdated. Up-to-date technology is a norm for millennials, and they expect it to be at their disposal.
2017 is already shaping up to be an interesting year. With a new presidential administration taking office and the hedge fund industry coming off the heels of a challenging year, there’s a lot to keep an eye on. We recently hosted a panel with law firm Morgan Lewis to discuss these and many other topics as part of our “2017 Outlook for Hedge Funds: Risk, Regulation and Technology” event.
Read on for some of our panel’s key takeaways.
2017 Regulatory Outlook
While little is known about how a Trump presidency will operate, there could be potential tax savings for managers depending on how the administration chooses to regulate Wall Street.
Firms should expect to see reforms with the Dodd-Frank Act and the Volcker Rule, which could add more competition into the marketplace if limits on bank investments are adjusted.
SEC Focus Areas
Top six areas of focus for the Securities & Exchange Commission will likely be: (1) expenses and fees, (2) trade allocation, (3) material non-public personal information, (4) valuation processes, (5) operating partners and due diligence, and (6) security, privacy, insider trading and business continuity.
Cybersecurity is not necessarily part of every SEC examination, however, the bar will continue to be raised in terms of preparations firms will need to employ.
In 2016, the SEC provided additional guidance on business continuity and transition plan requirements, highlighting the need for hedge fund and financial firms to maintain their fiduciary responsibility to their clients and investors.
Categorized under: Security Cloud Computing Disaster Recovery Hedge Fund Due Diligence Hedge Fund Operations Hedge Fund Regulation Outsourcing Infrastructure Business Continuity Planning Trends We're Seeing